By Angela Valenzuela and Augustin Martz (Agua Libre)
While France expands its military strategy in Syria, it is also hosting more than 190 nations in Paris at the climate conference COP21, under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Under this climate talks a new international agreement on climate change will be signed, and it will define the political efforts from our governments from 2020 onwards.
On a day where UNEP has confirmed that the cost of adaptation is continuing to rise, and could become $500 billion per year or much higher by 2050, we have to register our deep disappointment and anger at the paltry sums thus far offered by the rich countries.
You have money for wars and fossil fuels, but very little for adaptation finance. This disregard for your moral and legal responsibility forces developing countries to finance their own adaptation effort rather than other priorities. We demand support for the preparation and implementation of NAPs.
As I have seen in my country, Colombia, and as we keep seeing in the Philippines, there are limits to adaptation. Beyond those limits, there are impacts. Loss and damage is an issue of today — the Warsaw Mechanism must be fully operationalized at this session so it can be incorporated into the 2015 agreement.
On Dec. 6 during the Global Landscape Forum (a side event happening in parallel with the COP) Kate Dooley, a PhD student at the University of Melbourne and an expert in carbon markets, carbon trading and forests and land-use, was part of a panel discussing “A rights-based approach to comprehensive land use planning”. Proceeding the talk, Kate was kind enough to give [earth] some of her time to make a short interview on some of the concepts that are on the table during the current COP 20 in Lima, and in the road to the 2015 Paris agreement. The conversation covers issues such as land-use under the new agreement, ‘“false solutions”, INDC’s, the non-paper, equity and the slogan “system change not climate change”.
This morning, GYBN was able to meet with CBD Executive Secretary Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias:
**Note — two self-corrections, as I wasn't able to re-record: 1) Obviously, I'm reporting on COP 11, not 10; 2) The existing voluntary fund is for ILCs — Indigenous [Peoples!] and Local Communities, not LDCs.
During the opening ceremonies of the COP, the Global Youth Biodiversity Network was scheduled to deliver a youth intervention, but, like many other observers, we were pushed so far down the schedule by lengthy State speeches that our moment to speak never came.
So, we decided to create our own opportunity. I spent much of today drafting a statement on item 5.4, Engagement of other stakeholders, major groups, and subnational authorities, with other members of the Network — unlike in the UNFCCC process, the CBD opens the floor to observers after all States have had a chance to speak, meaning we could address a speficic agenda item as it was being discussed. Agenda item 5.4 is directly relevent to youth, and yet the draft decisions made no mention of youth participation. We decided to introduce GYBN to the delegates, emphasize the importance of including youth in decision-making process, and finally, to propose the addition of specific text on youth engagement: