guest blog by Doreen Stabinsky, Professor of Global Environmental Politics at College of the Atlantic.
Five key fights at the UNFCCC:
The build-up to the December Paris climate summit is focusing world attention on the issue of climate change. In the process, there is significant opportunity to raise and highlight justice issues that lie at the intersection of climate change and food – for example, the fact that climate change will threaten the right to food, with the gravest impacts on the poorest and most vulnerable, through devastating impacts on food production. A second critical issue to highlight is the central role played by industrial systems of agricultural production in causing climate change, in particular through massive emissions from industrial meat production, production and use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, and large-scale monocultures of commodities shipped around the world.
What do climate-impacted communities in developing countries need from the GCF negotiations in Bali? A Southern Civil Society Statement issued at a media forum held this evening for the Indonesian press answers just that.
No more deception! No more excuses! Climate Finance now!
A Green Climate Fund for People and Planet and not Private Profit! Read more…
by Surya Karki
The Adaptation Fund originated as part of the overall Bonn Agreements on the Implementation of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action from the 6th COP with an objective to ‘reduce vulnerability and increase adaptive capacity to respond to the impacts of climate change, including variability at the local and national levels.’
Following that, paragraph 15 of decision 17/CP.7 noted that a 2 percent share of the proceeds from Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project activities would be used to finance the cost of adaptation. But given that the adaptation fund is financed through a share of proceeds from the CDM, activities related to the fund could not take place until the Kyoto Protocol came into force in 2005. Basically the AF was established in 2001, came into force in 2005, but didn’t start its functions until 2009 when the Adaptation Fund Board was established.
The fund is one of three financial mechanisms that supports adaptation in developing countries. It has many innovative features; it was established as a fund that would not wholly depend on financial contributions from developed nations, 69% of the seats on the AF Board are held by developing country governments, and the AF has been allowing accredited institutions based in developing countries and regional institutions to access funding directly.
By Julian Velez
Developed countries are trying to undermine the relevance of the Bali Road Map as a whole, as well as the Durban Package laid out last year. These include a 2nd commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (KP), and comparable mitigation actions by developed countries for non-KP parties under the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long Term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA) and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) from developing countries with support from means of implementation, these are finance and technology transfer. The agreements for means of implementation have not been met.